Fluency is the smoothness in which sounds, syllables, words and phrases are joined together during oral language. A fluency disorder is any interruption in the flow of oral language.
The following are the major types of dysfluencies and their examples:
Part-Word Repetitions – Repetition of a part of a word, sound or syllable.
Ex: S-S-S Sunday
Ex: Su-Su-Su- Sunday
Whole-Word Repetitions – Repetition of an entire word more than once.
Ex: I-I-I love the Cubs
Ex: They-they-they will win
Phrase Repetitions – Repetition of more than one word. Ex: I am-I am- I am a Cubs fan
Sound Prolongations -Where the sound is held out for a duration of time.
Silent Prolongations – A silent period where the lips are closed and pursed ready to produce the sound but nothing comes out.
Interjections – Can be sound or syllable interjections, word and phrase interjections.
Broken words – Silent intervals within the words. Ex: Be—fore you talk
Incomplete Sentences – Described as incomplete sentences. Ex: Last night I…Last night…we went to see the Cubs
Revisions – Changes in wording that do not change the overall meaning of the sentence or phrase.
Ex: Let’s have a drink–coffee